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Request a Certificate by Using a PKCS #10 or PKCS #7 File
It is not always possible to submit a certificate request online to a certification authority (CA). In these instances, you might still be able to submit a certificate request in the form of a PKCS #7 or PKCS #10 file. In general, you use a PKCS #10 file to submit a request for a new certificate an...
2016-07-29, 1229👍, 0💬

Enroll for Certificates on Behalf of Other Users
It is not always possible for users to enroll for a certificate on their own behalf. This can be the case for a user smart card certificate. By default, only domain administrators are granted permission to request a certificate on behalf of another user. However, a user other than a domain administr...
2016-07-29, 1030👍, 0💬

Registration Authorities
A registration authority is a computer that is configured for an administrator to request and retrieve issued certificates on behalf of other users. A registration authority does not have to be installed on the same computer as the certification authority for which it processes certificate requests....
2016-07-29, 931👍, 0💬

Renew a Certificate with the Same Key
Renewing a certificate with the same key provides maximum compatibility with past uses of the accompanying key pair, but it does not enhance the security of the certificate and key pair. Users or local Administrators is the minimum group membership required to complete this procedure. Review the det...
2016-07-28, 11267👍, 0💬

Renew a Certificate with a New Key
Renewing a certificate with a new key allows you to continue using an existing certificate and its associated data, while enhancing the strength of the key associated with the certificate. This can be desirable if using a new certificate would cause disruption and the existing certificate has not be...
2016-07-28, 2410👍, 0💬

Display Certificate Stores
Using the Certificates snap-in, you can display the certificate store for a user, a computer, or a service according to the purpose for which the certificates were issued or by using their logical storage categories. When you display certificates according to their storage categories, you can also c...
2016-07-28, 1503👍, 0💬

Renew a Certificate
Every certificate has a validity period. After the end of the validity period, the certificate is no longer considered an acceptable or usable credential. The Certificates snap-in enables you to renew a certificate issued from a Windows enterprise certification authority (CA) before or after the end...
2016-07-28, 1360👍, 0💬

View Certificates
Certificates can be issued and used for many purposes. It can be useful to examine certificate stores, certificate information and properties, and information about archived and revoked certificates. Display Certificate Stores View Certificate Information View Certificate Properties View the Certifi...
2016-07-28, 938👍, 0💬

Display Certificates by Logical Certificate Stores
Logical certificate stores organize certificates in logical, functional categories for users, computers, and services. The use of logical certificate stores eliminates the need to store duplicates of common public key objects, such as trusted root certificates, certificate trust lists (CTLs), and ce...
2016-07-27, 982👍, 0💬

Display Certificates by Certificate Purpose
You can view and inspect certificates based on what they are intended to be used for, such as client authentication or key recovery, rather than on their logical roles. Users or local Administrators is the minimum group membership required to complete this procedure. Review the details in "Additiona...
2016-07-27, 953👍, 0💬

General Tab
You can view information about the fields, extensions, and properties that define an issued certificate by double-clicking any certificate displayed in the certificate store. Clicking the General tab provides a general overview of the certificate, including the following information: Supported uses ...
2016-07-27, 898👍, 0💬

View Certificate Information
Double-click a certificate to view its properties and intended uses. This information is displayed on three tabs: General, Details, and Certification Path. General TabDetails TabCertification Path Tab ⇒⇒Certificate Manager "certmgr.msc" Manual
2016-07-27, 865👍, 0💬

Learn More About Certificate Stores
Windows stores a certificate locally on the computer or device that requested it or, in the case of a user, on the computer or device that the user used to request it. The storage location is called the certificate store. A certificate store often has numerous certificates, possibly issued from a nu...
2016-07-27, 805👍, 0💬

View Certificate Properties
The Certificate Properties dialog box displays certificate property values on four tabs. Certificate Properties General Tab Certificate Properties Cross-Certificates Tab Certificate Properties OCSP Tab Certificate Properties Extended Validation Tab ⇒⇒Certificate Manager "certmgr.msc" Manual
2016-07-25, 999👍, 0💬

Certificate Validity Periods
The Certificates snap-in enables you to renew a certificate issued from a Windows-based enterprise certification authority (CA) before or after the end of its validity period by using the Certificate Renewal Wizard. About certificate validity Every certificate has a validity period. After the end of...
2016-07-25, 969👍, 0💬

Hash Algorithms
A hash algorithm is an algorithm that produces a hash value of a piece of data, such as a message or session key. With a good hash algorithm, changes in the input data can alter every bit in the resulting hash value. For this reason, hashes are useful in detecting any modification in a data object, ...
2016-07-25, 946👍, 0💬

Details Tab
The Details tab provides the following information about the certificate: Version. The X.509 version number. Serial number. The unique serial number that the issuing certification authority (CA) assigns to the certificate. The serial number is unique for all certificates issued by a given CA. Signat...
2016-07-25, 837👍, 0💬

Certification Path Tab
Using the Certification Path tab, you can view the path from the selected certificate to the certification authorities (CAs) that issue the certificate. Before a certificate is trusted, Windows must verify that the certificate comes from a trusted source. This verification process is called path val...
2016-07-25, 803👍, 0💬

Certificate Properties OCSP Tab
The OCSP tab is used by administrators to add Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) responder URLs to issuing certification authority (CA) certificates, which are distributed by Group Policy to Active Directory domain members. This enables organizations to add OCSP responders to an existing publ...
2016-07-22, 1360👍, 0💬

Certificate Properties Cross-Certificates Tab
Cross-certificates are used to establish trust between separate certification hierarchies, such as in separate networks or portions of a network. In these cases, cross-certificates are typically configured to: Define the namespaces for which certificates issued in one certification hierarchy can be ...
2016-07-22, 1099👍, 0💬

Certificate Properties Extended Validation Tab
The Extended Validation tab is used by administrators to add an Extended Validation (EV) certificate policy to root certificates that are distributed by Group Policy. Adding the EV certificate policy to root certificates and certificates issued to intranet Web sites provides a visual indicator that ...
2016-07-22, 941👍, 0💬

Certificate Properties General Tab
The General tab can be used to provide a display name and description that can be used to differentiate between two certificates that are similar, such as two unique signing certificates. You can also use the General tab to enable or disable specific purposes or uses for the certificate. ✍ Note You ...
2016-07-22, 861👍, 0💬

View the Certificates in a PKCS #7 file
If multiple certificates are exported and saved as PKCS #7 files, or if some time has passed since the file was created, it may not be obvious what certificates a PKCS #7 file contains. The following procedure allows you to inspect the certificates contained in a PKCS #7 file. Users or local Admini...
2016-07-22, 844👍, 0💬

Display Archived Certificates
Archived certificates are certificates that have expired or have been renewed. In many cases, it is good practice to retain archived certificates instead of deleting them. For example, you might keep an archived certificate to verify digital signatures on old documents that were signed by using the ...
2016-07-21, 1369👍, 0💬

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